Frederick M. Asher
From its inception, circa the 5th century ce, mahavihara or great monastery of Nalanda attracted monks from China, Korea and Tibet perhaps other distant places. Their written accounts, along with the records from the site provide considerable data, critically studied and contextualized in this volume. This book sees the ancient mahavihara as a dynamic and ever-evolving complex rather than an institution that was static during the millennium it was active as a Buddhist monastery. The site was much larger than the present excavated area, a notion also suggested recently by remote sensing. The volume raises questions that help visualize a living, vital Nalanda that was part of a dynamic group of monasteries in close proximity in the Magadha region. Frederick M. Asher, a specialist in the art of South Asia, is a professor of art history at the University of Minnesota. His current interests include the visual culture of the Indian Ocean as well as that of Buddhist pilgrimage sites. He has served as President of the American Institute of Indian Studies, New Delhi, and then as Chair of the Institute’s Board of Trustees.
CONTENTSPrefaceIntroduction 1 Nalanda's Patrons2 Nalanda According to Xuanzang, Cunningham and Other Writers3 Nalanda as Excavated Ruins4 Nalanda’s Sculptures and Paintings5 Nalanda Today6 Looking Back, Looking AheadNotesBibliographyIndex